From the distrust among them individuals, it’s ironic you to definitely God-sent a Jew so you can warn the fresh new Israelites of the following view. “I became no prophet, neither are We a kid out of an excellent prophet,” the guy demonstrates to you, “however, I happened to be a herdsman and you can a tender of sycamore fruits. Then Lord took me when i used new group and you can the lord believed to myself, ‘Go, prophesy to my people Israel'” (Amos seven:14-15).
Amos is over “simply a great shepherd.” From inside the Amos 1:1 the latest Hebrew term noqed ways a great keeper or raiser regarding sheep otherwise goats (come across II Leaders 3:4), though it is sometimes made because “shepherd.” Inside Amos seven:14 “herdsman” (bowker) relates to higher cattle. God inspired a couple various other terms to exhibit that he are a good breeder regarding sheep (and possibly regarding cows), supplying anybody else which have inventory, and maybe development and you will refining the newest breeds. The Amos’ residential property ore-fig orchard. Their ranch seemingly have become quick sufficient he try actually involved in their procedure, regardless of if the guy including seems to have succeeded sufficient to get time away so you can preach in the Israel.
Judging about book’s code and magnificence, Amos has also been well educated. Students courtroom his use of vocabulary since instance expressive, vibrant and you can forceful.
Amos wrote from the a highly tall time in Israel’s record (Amos step 1:1). Each other kings Jeroboam II out-of Israel (793-753 BC ) and you can Uzziah off Judah (791-739 BC ) liked much time and you may successful reigns. Their prophecy would be old before 750 BC , just like the Uzziah’s kid, Jotham (750-731 BC ), who reigned since co-regent together with dad to possess eleven many years, is not said.
The word “couple of years before the disturbance” helps you to narrow the newest book’s big date. Archeological findings unearthed at Hazor from inside the north Palestine reveal that a keen strangely solid disturbance took place on 760 BC . If that’s the case, Amos prophesied in approximately 762 BC . The term generally seems to restriction their prophesying to that types of seasons, suggesting you to definitely his prophetic passion is short.
not, the brand new prophet remaining a powerful message away from alerting and you can urgency one to nevertheless rings with specifics and you may fervor
Many historians have figured 722 BC -forty years later on-try when Assyria os’ caution message, Goodness in his compassion provided Their individuals with a 40-seasons ages of demo and comparison when they might regret. Records records, not, you to definitely Samaria decrease along with her survivors have been dragged to the captivity inside 718 BC .
Heritage keeps you to Amos passed away a criminal passing at hands regarding Jeroboam II, however, zero historical details provides confirmed this claim.
From the becoming an illiterate shepherd, the new prophet are a guy away from refinement and you may substance, aware of prior occurrences and you may newest requirements inside Israel and you can Judah, and also in the surrounding countries
“God roars away from Zion, and you can utters His sound out of Jerusalem; the pastures of the shepherds mourn, and top from Carmel withers” (Amos 1:2). In the wild an effective lion roars just as it’s in the so you can pounce towards the prey. Symbolically and you may metaphorically, the fresh new roar of a good lion or even the split out-of thunder reveals brand new imminent intervention regarding Goodness within the human products (We Samuel 2:10; Isaiah 30:6; 31:4; Hosea eleven:9-11; Revelation ).
From the middle-eighth millennium BC when Amos preached, Israel’s monetary legs is largely when you look at https://datingranking.net/pl/ohlala-recenzja/ the farming, however, an excellent drought had started initially to destabilize that foundation. The latest pastures had currently begun to feel the negative effects of God’s booming, as the got Carmel, one particular verdant section of Israel, and you may incidentally, the fresh heading stronghold away from Baal. Amos proclaims your drought ‘s the outcome of God’s view.